CICY – The Yucatan Times
Mérida, Yucatán.- Overdensification in coastal areas, large volumes of wastewater discharged into the sea, the absence of more stringent environmental protection laws, the need for greater citizen co-responsibility for wetlands and climatological effects pose serious risks to the conservation and balance of the peninsula’s watershed.
Researcher José Adán Caballero Vázquez, head of the Academic Unit of Water Sciences (UCIA) of the Scientific Research Center of Yucatán (CICY) pointed out that there are very important factors that affect the balance of the most large reserve of fresh water on the planet, which is located in the Yucatán Peninsula.
The professor gave the lecture “The Science for the Conservation of the Yucatan Peninsula Basin”, where the biologist explained a series of conditions that seriously affect the conditions of wetlands, estuaries, cenotes and marshes in the area. coastal region of the three states of Campeche. , Yucatan and Quintana Roo.
Situations such as lack of drainage in cities like Campeche, 14 ports in Yucatan and population centers like Holbox, Isla Mujeres, Cancun and the Playa del Carmen-Tulum corridor, seriously affect coastal areas with high volumes of waste. , practically “we are now bathing in poo”.
Although studies and water sampling have been carried out in the cenotes, there is insufficient data to establish decisive actions for the conservation of caves, caverns and aquifers and to avoid further damage and contamination. The watershed of the peninsular zone covers an area of 165,000 kilometers in the center of the peninsula and the southern zone, making it the largest reserve of fresh water on the planet.
A Wetland Atlas is being developed to establish with scientific data the health of wetlands in Yucatan since their conservation and preservation are vital for the survival of population areas. It has been observed that the slightest change in the salinity of marshes and estuaries causes serious damage, in addition to the presence of invasive species that feed on fish, birds and reptiles that inhabit these ecosystems.
The professor called on society to establish greater responsibility and commitment to the tasks of protecting our environment, controlling water use measures and preserving those natural spaces that are a source of life for the development and survival of human beings.
“Municipal, state and federal governments must work immediately to build more sewage treatment plants because it is necessary to put an end to the dumping of sewage into the sea,” he said.
The federal government does not have the resources to deal with this condition and the problem is worsening with the development of unplanned housing centers, changes in land use that deforests and irregular population settlements.
Scientists’ observation warns of coral reef mortality off the coasts of Yucatan and Quintana Roo, where flowering species are decimated by pollutants and pulverize the development of plants and fish that thrive in these ecosystems.
The scientist urged the government and society to warn of these facts and to sign pledges to stop the damage to the environment, because if they do not do so, very soon not only the natural spaces of the coastal areas will be lost. , but also the large reserve of fresh water that the region has.
The Yucatan era